Sunday, January 15, 2017

focusing on Jesus' spoken words (6)


A.D. 28. Age 31. Capernaum.

Matthew 12, 22-37: Luke 11, 17-23: Mark 3, 22-29.

UNTO Jesus was brought one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb; and he
healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw.

The people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David? But the Pharisees
said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.

Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them,

*Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or
house divided against itself falleth: it shall not stand: and if Satan cast out Satan, he
is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand? because ye say that I
cast out devils through Beelzebub.

And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out?
therefore they shall be your judges.

But if I with the finger of God cast out devils by the Spirit of God, no doubt then the
kingdom of God is come unto you.

Or else, how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except
he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.

When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace: but when a
stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his
armor wherein he trusted, and divideth the spoils.

He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth

¶Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto
the sons of men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven
unto men.

And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but
whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost is in danger of eternal damnation: it
shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.

Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt: for the
tree is known by his fruit.

O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the
abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of
the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth
forth evil things.

But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give
account thereof in the day of judgment.

For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.

35:* From Matthew, and Luke. In 19 of this book a rebuke similar to the following, but addressed to

certain scribes, is a part of Mark's narrative.


A.D. 28. Age 31. Capernaum.

Matthew 12, 38-45.

CERTAIN of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered Jesus, saying, Master, we
would see a sign from thee. But he said unto them,

An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be
given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: for as Jonas was three days and three
nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in
the heart of the earth.

The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it:
because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas
is here.

The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall
condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of
Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places,
seeking rest, and findeth none. Then he saith, I will return into my house from
whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself,
and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the
first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation. *

37:* Thus Matthew (12, 43-45). In 19 of this book the same saying is phrased somewhat differently

in the narrative by Luke (11, 24-26).


A.D. 28, Age 31, Capernaum: Sea of Galilee.

Matt. 12, 46-50; 13, 1-30; Mark 3, 31-35; 4, 1-29: Luke 8, 4-18; 19-21.

WHILE Jesus yet talked, behold, there came his mother and his brethren, desiring to
speak with him, and could not come at him for the press. Then one said unto him,
Thy mother and thy brethren without seek for thee. But Jesus answered him that told

Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?

He looked on them which sat about him, stretched forth his hand toward his
disciples, and said,

Behold my mother and my brethren! My mother and my brethren are these which
hear the word of God, and do it. For whosoever shall do the will of God my Father
which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.

¶The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side. Much people
were come to him out of every city; so that he entered into a ship, and sat. The
multitude stood on the shore. And Jesus spake many things unto them in parables,
saying, †

Hearken: Behold, a sower went forth to sow his seed: and it came to pass, as he
sowed, some fell by the way side, and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air
came and devoured it up.

Some seed fell on stony ground where it had not much earth: and immediately it
sprang up, because it had not much deepness of earth: but when the sun was up,
because it had no depth of earth, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it
withered away.

And some fell upon a rock: as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it
lacked moisture.

And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up with it, and choked it, and it

yielded no fruit.

But other fell into good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up, and increased; and
bare fruit, some a hundredfold, some sixtyfold, and some thirtyfold.

He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

When he was alone, his disciples came and said unto Jesus, Why speakest thou in
parables? He answered,

Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to
them it is not given but in parables: unto them that are without, all these things are
done in parables.

*For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but
whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.

Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing
they hear not, neither do they understand.

And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, † which saith, By hearing ye shall
hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: for
this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes
they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their
ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should
heal them, and their sins should be forgiven them.

‡But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. For verily I
say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those
things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye
hear, and have not heard them.

And he said unto them,

Know ye not this parable? And how then will ye know all parables?
¶Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower. Now the parable is this:

The seed is the word of God. The sower soweth the word. When any one heareth
the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh immediately Satan
the wicked one, and catcheth away that word, which was sown in his heart: the devil
taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. This
is he which received seed by the way side, where the word is sown.

They on the rock received seed into stony places: these are they who when they
have heard the word, anon with joy receive it, and for a while believe; yet have no
root in themselves, and so endure but for a time; and in time of temptation fall away:
for afterward, when affliction or tribulation or persecution ariseth for the word's sake,
immediately they are offended. *

And they which received the seed among thorns, are they, which, when they have
heard the word, go forth, and are choked with the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches and the pleasures of this life; and bring no fruit to perfection:
the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.

But he that received the seed into the good ground is he that in an honest and good
heart, having heard the word, understandeth it, and keepeth it, and beareth fruit with
patience, and bringeth forth, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.

Another parable put he forth unto them, saying,

The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:
but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went
his way. But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared
the tares also.

So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow
good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?

¶He said unto them, An enemy hath done this.
The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?

But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with
them. Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to
the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn
them: but gather the wheat into my barn.

¶And he said unto them,

Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a

No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under
a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light.

For there is nothing hid, neither was anything kept secret, which shall not be
manifested; but that it should be known and come abroad. If any man have ears to
hear, let him hear.

Take heed what ye hear. With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you;
and unto you that hear shall more be given: for he that hath, to him shall be given;
and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath. *

¶And he said,

So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground; and should
sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth
not how. For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after
that the full corn in the ear. But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth
in the sickle, because the harvest is come.


A.D. 28. Age 31. Capernaum: Sea of Galilee.

Mk. 4, 30-34; 35-41: Matt. 13, 31-34; 36-52: Lk. 13, 18-21; 8, 22-25.

ANOTHER parable put he forth unto them, saying,

†Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we
compare it? A grain of mustard seed is the least of all seeds: is indeed less than all
the seeds that be in the earth; but when it is sown in the earth, it groweth up: it
becometh greater than all herbs; it shooteth out great branches, and becometh a
tree, so that the fowls of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.

Then said he,

Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it? The
kingdom of heaven is like unto a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and cast
into a garden in his field; and it grew, and waxed a great tree, and the birds of the air
lodged in the branches thereof, in the shadow of it.

¶Again Jesus said,

Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God?

And another parable spake he unto them,

The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three
measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.

All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables.

Then he sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came,
saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. He answered,

He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; the field is the world; the good
seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked
one; the enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and

the reapers are the angels.

As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of
this world. The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of
his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; and shall cast them
into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.

Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

¶Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a treasure hid in a field; the which when a
man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and
buyeth that field.

¶Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchantman, seeking goodly pearls:
who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and
bought it.

¶Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and
gathered of every kind: which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down,
and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.

So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the
wicked from the just, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be
wailing and gnashing of teeth.

Jesus saith unto them,

Have ye understood all these things?

They say, Yea, Lord. Then said he unto them,

Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven, is like unto a
man that is a householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and

And with many such parables spake Jesus the word unto them, as they were able to
hear it. But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he
expounded all things to his disciples.

The same day, when even was come, Jesus entered into a ship. His disciples
followed, and he said unto them,

Let us pass over unto the other side of the lake.

They took him even as he was in the ship. And they launched forth.

As they sailed, behold, there came down a storm of wind: the waves beat into the

ship, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves.

Jesus was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and his disciples awoke
him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. He said unto them,

Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith?

Then he arose and rebuked the winds, and the raging of the water: he said unto the

Peace, be still.

The wind ceased: there was a great calm, and Jesus said unto his disciples,

Why are ye fearful? where is your faith? how is it that ye have no faith?

But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and
the sea obey him?

40:† This parable and the one following may profitably be compared with the similar ones from Luke

(13, 18-21) at the end of LIII in this book.


A.D. 28. Age 31. Sea of Galilee. Decapolis.

Mark 5, 1-20: Luke 8, 26-40: Matthew 8, 28-34.

THEY came over unto the other side of the sea, and arrived at the country of the
Gadarenes, over against Galilee.

And when Jesus was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the
tombs a man * with an unclean spirit, who ware no clothes, neither abode in any
house, but among the tombs: he had devils long time, and no man could bind him,
no not with chains.

Jesus said,

Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit.

He fell down before Jesus, and cried out, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou
Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not. And Jesus asked him,

What is thy name?

He answered, Legion: for we are many.

Now there was a good way off from them a herd of swine feeding. And

the devils besought Jesus, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the
herd of swine.

Jesus gave them leave: he said,


The unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine; and the herd ran violently
down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. They were about two

They that fed the swine went and told it in the city. And, behold, the whole city came
out: they come to Jesus, and see him that had the legion, sitting at the feet of Jesus,
clothed, and in his right mind: they were afraid. And the Gadarenes round about
besought Jesus to depart out of their coasts.

Jesus went up into the ship.

Now the man, out of whom the devils were departed, besought Jesus that he might
be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying,

Return to thine own house. Go home to thy friends; tell them how the Lord had
compassion on thee, and shew them how great things God hath done unto thee.

Jesus passed over by ship unto the other side, and came into his own city. Much

people gladly received him.

Friday, January 13, 2017

7 Amazing Animal Musicians

From frogs chirping through the night to whales humming across the oceans, nature is full of fantastic music. Not all of it sounds pleasant to the human ear, of course (the droning of cicadas can cause ear damage at close range, and even crickets can wear out their welcome), but it's hard not to admire the way animals make such complex and astounding noises.

There's more to animal calls than just taking a deep breath and hollering. Some animals play their bodies like instruments, and others make sounds that humans need machines to pick up. To highlight some of this diversity, we've compiled a list of 7 unusual animal sounds, some of which make music that seems almost... philharmonic.

The Bass: Elephant

Elephants may be best known for their raucous trumpeting, but they also make the ground vibrate with "infrasound," sounds too low for the human ear but that can travel up to six miles away. What exactly is being communicated in these deep sounds is unknown, but female elephants will often make infrasound when they're ready to mate, and these calls seem to get the attention of amorous males. Elephants can pick up infrasound in two ways: through the bones of their legs that transmit the vibrations to their inner ears, or with nerves in the pads of their feet. While listening to infrasound, elephants will often press their trunk into the ground and lift one leg onto its toes, possibly to hear the sound more clearly.

The Soprano: Bat

For a long time, it was believed that bats only made sounds either to echolocate, or to identify their young in colonies. However, it's now known that bats have much more involved social lives, and that some species guard territories and court females with songs too high for humans to pick up. Studies have unfortunately not been done on all 1,200 species of bat, but the white-lined bat, sac-winged bat, and Brazilian free-tailed bat have all been recorded singing to their mates and to contest other males. Bat songs are two to four times higher than humans can hear, but when slowed down, they sound a lot like chirping songbirds.


The Duet: Mosquito

Wait, what? Mosquitoes don't make music... do they? Although the whine of a mosquito's wings is irritating to humans, it sounds like amore to other mosquitoes. Female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes whine at 400 hertz, while males whine at 600 hertz, a useful adaptation to make sure males don't accidentally go chasing each other. However, when they meet, both mosquitoes alter their wingbeats so that their harmonics match. Who would have thought that these buzzy bloodsuckers had an ear for intervals?

Drums: Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are adapted to peck a lot of wood before they get hurt or tired, with an extra-thick beak, powerful neck, and reinforced skull. But they don't sing. They can chirp, but don't have a long, complex song to attract mates. Instead, to communicate, woodpeckers do what they do best -- they drum. Apart from excavating and drilling for food or to make nests, woodpeckers will knock on hollow tree trunks in a pattern unique to their species, both to defend territory and to attract mates. Both male and female woodpeckers drum, and in suburban areas, they like to drum on rain gutters and houses. After all, what's a house but a big hollow tree? Check out the video to see a woodpecker drumming on a lamp post.

Strings: Club-winged Manakin

Manakins are a family of small, colorful birds native to Central and South America. All male manakins gather to display to females, a behavior known as "lekking." But for the club-winged manakin, a display doesn't mean strutting or singing. These birds have strange feathers, including a club-shaped "scraper" and a ridged "comb." The male manakin vibrates its wings faster than a hummingbird, and the scraper rubs across the ridges of the comb, vibrating all the bird's primaries and making a tone like a violin. The club-winged manakin even has solid bones in its wings, where most birds have hollow ones, all the better for making sound.

Woodwinds: Anna's Hummingbird

When it comes to courtship, hummingbirds cover all their bases. Not only do the males sport dazzling, iridescent feathers, and not only do they sing complex songs, but they also perform daredevil stunts for their female audience, diving out of the sky at great speed before pulling up at the last second. Many times, they combine tactics, singing or flashing their feathers as they fly. And when Anna's hummingbirds dive, they are heard to produce a loud squeak or whistle. As it turns out, this squeak isn't made by the hummingbird's voice, but rather by its tail! Specialized feathers on the edges of the hummingbird's tail catch the wind when it blows at high speed, and vibrate, producing a brilliant punctuation to the bird's death-defying display.

Brass: Elk

Human beings have a "descended" larynx, a voice box that lies down in the throat. In men, this shows as the "Adam's apple." The only other land animals to have this feature are elk and red deer. Not only do these deer have Adam's apples, but they can actually lower their voice boxes even further, all the way into their chests! This makes the males' bugle calls even louder and lower, making them sound larger than they are.

Sunday, January 8, 2017

focusing on the spoken words of Jesus (5)



A.D. 28. Age 31. Near Capernaum.

Luke 6, 39-49.

AND he spake a parable unto them,

Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? The disciple is not
above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the
beam that is in thine own eye? Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let
me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam
that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye,
and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye.

For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth
good fruit. For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather
figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.

A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good;
and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil:
for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

¶And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? Whosoever
cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he
is like:

He is like a man which built a house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a
rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and
could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. But he that heareth, and doeth
not, is like a man that without a foundation built a house upon the earth; against
which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that

house was great.


A.D. 28. Age 31. Capernaum. Nain.

Matthew 8, 5-13: Luke 7, 11-18.

WHEN Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion
beseeching him, saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously

The elders of the Jews came, saying, That he was worthy: for he loveth our nation,
and hath built us a synagogue.

And Jesus saith unto the centurion,

I will come and heal him.

The centurion answered, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my
roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed. Jesus marvelled, and
turned and said to the people that followed him,

Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. And I say unto
you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham,
and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven: but the children of the kingdom
shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

And Jesus said unto the centurion,

Go thy way; and as thou hast believed, so be it done unto thee.

His servant was healed in the selfsame hour. *

¶The day after, Jesus went into a city called Nain: many of his disciples, and much
people went with him.

Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man
carried out, the only son of a widow: much people of the city was with her. The Lord
had compassion on her, and said,

Weep not.

He touched the bier, and they that bare him stood still. Jesus said,

Young man, I say unto thee, Arise.

And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak.

There came a fear on all: they glorified God, saying, A great prophet is risen among

This rumor of Jesus went forth throughout all Judea and the region round about. And
the disciples of John shewed him [John the Baptist] of all these things.

32:* Luke (7, 2-10) goes further into details regarding the centurion than does Matthew (above), but

does not quote Jesus so fully.


A.D. 28 . Age 31. Galilee, near Cana.

Matthew 11, 2-15; 16-19: Luke 7, 24-35.

NOW when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his
disciples to Jesus. Unto him they said, John Baptist hath sent us unto thee, saying,
Art thou he that should come? or do we look for another?

And in that same hour Jesus cured many of their infirmities; and unto many that were
blind he gave sight.

Then said Jesus unto the two disciples [of John],

Go your way, and tell John again what things ye have seen and heard: how that the
blind receive their sight, and the lane walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf
hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. And
blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended † in me.

¶When the messengers of John were departed, Jesus began to speak unto the
people concerning John, ‡

What went ye out into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind? But
what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they that wear
soft clothing, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live delicately, are in kings’
courts, in kings’ houses.

But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and much more
than a prophet. For this is he of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger
before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.

Verily, I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a
greater prophet than John the Baptist: notwithstanding, he that is least in the
kingdom of God is greater than he.

And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth

violence, and the violent take it by force. For all the prophets and the law prophesied
until John. And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come.

He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

The people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the
baptism of John. But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against
themselves, being not baptized of him. Jesus said,

But whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they
like? They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling unto their
fellows, one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not
danced; we have mourned unto you, and ye have not lamented: ye have not wept.

For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and they say, He
hath a devil. The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and they say, Behold a
man gluttonous and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!

But wisdom is justified of all her children.

32:† ". . . be offended in me: find in me nothing to his hurt.
32:‡ The reader interested in comparing the two texts of Christ's address "to the people concerning

John" will note that Luke's (7, 24-35) is briefer than Matthew's (11, 7-30).


A.D. 28. Age 31. Capernaum?

Matthew 11, 20-30: Luke 10, 13-15.

THEN began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done,
because they repented not: *

Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which
were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long
ago in sackcloth and ashes. But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre
and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you.

And thou, Capernaum, which are exalted unto heaven, shall be brought down to hell:
for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it
would have remained until this day. But I say unto you, That it shall be more
tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.

¶At that time Jesus said,

I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things
from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father: for
so it seemed good in thy sight.

All things are delivered unto me of my Father, and no man knoweth the Son, but the
Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever
the Son will reveal him.

¶Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye
shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.

33:* This censure of "the cities," and the homage, "I thank thee, O Father," are from Matthew (11, 20-
27). In Luke (10, 13-15 and 21;22) is a paraphrase, being a part of Christ's admonition of the "other

seventy . . . sent two and two into every city." Turn to XLVIII in this book.


A.D. 28. Age 31 Galilee (Capernaum?).

Luke 7, 36-50.

ONE of the Pharisees [Simon] desired him that he would eat with him. And Jesus
went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat.

And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, brought an alabaster box of
ointment, and stood weeping; and began to wash Jesus’ feet, and did wipe them with
the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment. *

Now the Pharisee [Simon, the leper] spake within himself, saying, This man, if he
were a prophet, would have known what manner of woman this is; for she is a
sinner. Jesus said unto him,

Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee:

There was a certain creditor which had two debtors; the one owed five hundred
pence, and the other fifty. And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave
them both.

Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?

Simon answered, I suppose that he to whom he forgave most. Jesus said, Thou hast
rightly judged.

He turned to the woman, and said unto Simon,

Seest thou this woman?

I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed
my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.

Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman, since the time I came in, hath not ceased
to kiss my feet.

My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with


Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loveth
much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.

And he said unto her,

Thy sins are forgiven.

They that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that
forgiveth sins also? Jesus said to the woman,

Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.

34:* Read in LXXIV of this book the account of a similar service done by Mary the sister of Martha

and Lazarus.

focusing the words of Jesus (4)


A.D. 28, Age 31 Near Capernaum.

Matthew 7, 1-29.

JUDGE not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be
judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.

And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the
beam that is in thine own eye? Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out
the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite,
first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast
out the mote out of thy brother's eye.

¶Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine,
lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

¶Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened
unto you: for every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone? Or
if he asks a fish, will he give him a serpent? If ye then, being evil, know how to give
good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven
give good things to them that ask him?

¶ *Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even
so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth
to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: because strait is the gate, and
narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.

¶Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they
are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of
thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a
corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is
hewn down, and cast into the fire. Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.

¶Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of
heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many will say to
me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name
have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I
profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

¶Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken
him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: and the rain descended,
and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house: and it fell not:
for it was founded upon a rock.

And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be
likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: and the rain
descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house;
and it fell: and great was the fall of it.

When Jesus had ended these sayings, † the people were astonished at his doctrine:
for he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.

24:* The Golden Rule—the spirit of which pervades not only the Sermon on tthe Mount but Christ's life
throughout. Luke's phrasing of the Golden Rule is in 20 of this book.
24:† Matthew 7, 28-29. Mark also so declares (Mark 1, 22. See 13 in this book).


A.D. 28. Age 31. By Lake Gennesaret. Capernaum.

Matthew 8, 1-4; 9, 2-7; Mark 1, 40-45; 2, 1-12; Luke 5, 1-15; and 18-25.

WHEN Jesus was come down from the mountain, multitudes followed him. And,
behold, there came a leper, who, seeing Jesus, besought him, saying, Lord, if thou
wilt, thou canst make me clean.

Jesus, moved with compassion, put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will;
be thou clean.

And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. Jesus straitly charged him,

See thou tell no man; but go thy way: say nothing to any man. Shew thyself to the
priest, and offer the gift for thy cleansing, those things which Moses commanded, for
a testimony unto them.

But he began to blaze abroad the matter; and so much the more went there a fame
abroad of Jesus.

¶It came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon Jesus to hear the word of God,
he stood by the lake of Gennesaret, and saw two ships. He entered into one, which
was Simon's, and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he
sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.

Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon,

Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.

Simon answering said, Master we have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing:
nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net.

When they had this done, they inclosed a multitude of fishes: and their net brake.
They beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should
come and help them. They came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to

When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, Depart from me; for I
am a sinful man, O Lord.

For he was astonished at the draught of the fishes: and so was also James, and
John, which were partners with Simon.

Jesus said unto Simon,

Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men.

They brought their ships to land, forsook all, and followed Jesus.

¶Again Jesus entered into Capernaum after some days; and it was noised that he
was in the house. Straightway many were gathered together, insomuch that there
was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached
the word unto them.

¶And, behold, men brought one sick of the palsy, lying on a bed borne by four. They
could not come nigh unto Jesus for the press: and when they could not find by what
way they might bring him in, they went upon the housetop, and uncovered the roof,
and let him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before Jesus.

Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy,

Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee. *

Certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts, said within
themselves, This man blasphemeth: who can forgive sins, but God alone? Jesus
knowing their thoughts said,

What reason ye in your hearts? Why reason ye these things? Wherefore think ye
evil? Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or
to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk? But that ye may know that the Son of
man hath power on earth to forgive sins,

He saith to the sick of the palsy,

I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go thy way into thine house.

And he arose, took up his bed, and departed to his house.


25:* Matthew, and Mark. Luke's narrative has it, "Man, thy sins are forgiven thee." (Luke 5, 20.)


A.D. 28, Age 31. Capernaum.

Luke 5, 27-39; Matthew 9, 9-17; Mark 2, 13-22.

JESUS went forth again by the sea side; and the multitudes resorted unto him, and
he taught them.

¶As he passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew (Levi, a publican *),
sitting at the receipt of custom: he said unto him,

Follow me.

And he rose up, left all, and followed Jesus.

¶Levi made him a great feast † in his own house: and, behold, many publicans and
others sat at meat with Jesus and his disciples.

But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye
eat with publicans and sinners? Why eateth your master with publicans and sinners?

When Jesus heard that, he saith unto them,

They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick. But go ye and learn
what that meaneth. I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: ‡ for I am not come to call the
righteous, but sinners to repentance.

¶The disciples of John used to fast often: and they come and say unto Jesus, Why
do thy disciples fast not? Jesus said unto them,

Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. But the days
will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they
fast in those days.

¶And he spake also a parable unto them, No man also seweth a piece of new cloth upon an old garment; else the new piece
that filleth it up agreeth not with the old: it taketh away from the old, and the rent is
made worse.

Another parable put he forth.

And no man putteth new wine into old bottles: *else the bottles will be marred: the
new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish. But new
wine must be put into new bottles; and both are preserved.

No man also having drunk old wine straightway desireth new; for he saith, The old is better.

26:* publican: a taxgatherer.
26:† The three accounts of Levi's feast (particularly of the bridechamber parable) exhibit interesting
variations of text: Luke 5, 29-39; Mark 2, 15-22; Matthew 9, 10-17.
26:‡ Hosea 6. 6.


A.D. 28. Age 31. Capernaum.

Matthew 12, 1-16: Mark 2, 23-28; 3, 1-15; 22-29: Luke 6, 1-13; 11, 24-26.

AT that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the cornfields; and his disciples
were a hungered, and began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat,
rubbing them with their hands.

But certain of the Pharisees said unto Jesus, Behold, why do thy disciples on the
sabbath day that which is not lawful? Jesus said unto them,

Have ye never read so much as this: what David did, when himself was a hungered,
and had need, he, and they which were with him: how he went into the house of God
in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did take and eat the shewbread, and
gave also to them which were with him, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither
for them which were with him, but for the priests alone?

Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the
temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. But if ye had
known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have
condemned the guiltless.

The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: therefore the Son of
man is Lord even of the sabbath day.

¶On another sabbath, Jesus entered into the synagogue and taught.

There was a man there whose right hand was withered. The scribes and Pharisees
watched Jesus, whether he would heal on the sabbath day. But he knew their
thoughts, and he said to the man,

Rise up, and stand forth in the midst.

He arose and stood forth. Then said Jesus unto them,

I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to
save life, or to kill? to save life, or to destroy it?

But thy held their peace. And Jesus said,

What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit
on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? How much then is a man
better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.

When Jesus had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the
hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man,

Stretch forth thine hand.

He did so: and his hand was restored whole, like as the other.

¶The Pharisees were filled with madness; they went forth, and straightaway took
counsel with the Herodians what they might do to Jesus.

Jesus knew it: he withdrew himself with his disciples to the sea. And he straitly
charged them that they should not make him known.

¶Jesus goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto him whom he would: and they
came. He ordained twelve, whom also he named apostles, that they should be with
him, and that he might send them forth to preach, and to have power to heal
sicknesses, and to cast out devils.

¶The scribes said, He hath Beelzebub, and by the prince of devils casteth he out
devils. Jesus said unto them in parables, *

How can Satan cast out Satan?

And if a kingdom be divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. And if a house
be divided against itself, that house cannot stand. And if Satan rise up against
himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end.

No man can enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he will first
bind the strong man; and then he will spoil his house.

Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and
blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: but he that shall blaspheme
against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation.

Because they said, he hath an unclean spirit.

*When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places,
seeking rest: and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came
out. And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. Then goeth he, and
taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and the last state of that man is worse than the first.

27:* Wine-skins were the "bottles."
28:* This record of Christ's reply to the scribes is Mark's (3, 22-29). In 26 of this book Christ's
similar reply to certain Pharisees is from Matthew and Luke.

29:* Thus Luke (11, 24-26). In 27 of this book the same saying is phrased somewhat differently in
the narrative from Matthew (12, 43-45).


A.D. 28. Age 31. Near Capernaum.

Matthew 10, 2-4: Mark 3, 16-19: Luke 6, 14-38.

IN those days Jesus went out into a mountain, and continued all night in prayer to God. When it was day, he called unto him his twelve disciples.

Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: †Simon [whom he also surnamed
Peter], and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
James the son of Alpheus, and Thomas; and Lebbeus whose surname was
Thaddeus [Jude]; Philip, Bartholomew [Nathanael]; and Matthew the publican [Levi]; and Simon called Zelotes, the Canaanite; and Judas Iscariot, who also was the
traitor, and betrayed Jesus.

¶Jesus came down with them, and stood in the plain; and the company of the
disciples stood with them. A multitude of people out of all Judea and Jerusalem, and
from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon came to hear him, and to be healed.

¶Jesus lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said,

Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled.

Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

Blessed are ye, when men shall have you, and when they shall separate you from
their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son
of man's sake.

Before ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for
in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.

Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger.

Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.

Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the
false prophets.

¶But I say unto you which hear,

Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, bless them that curse you, and
pray for them which despitefully use you.

And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that
taketh away by cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.

Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask
them not again.

*And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those
that love them. And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have
ye? for sinners also do even the same. And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to
receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much

But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your
reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto
the unthankful and to the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is

Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be
condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:

Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken
together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same
measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

29:† As to the names of "the twelve," a comparison of the texts is interesting: Matthew 10, 2-4; Mark
3, 14-19; Luke 6, 13-16; and ("the eleven") Acts 1, 13.

30:* The Golden Rule (Luke 6, 31). Compare with the paraphrase (Matthew 7, 12) in 16 of this book.